The Official Blog Of Edward Cline

Cass Sunstein: “Czar” in Wolf’s Clothing

In “Reason is Forever” I commented on the phenomenon of liberals, collectivists, and fascist/socialist fellow travelers in the Obama administration endorsing the gagging of anyone who criticizes the administration and its agenda, and wishing to bestow a taxpayer-bought bullhorn on Obama’s propagandists. I also discuss the incremental move to censorship in America in “Censorship by Nickels and Dimes,” “Thought Crime: The Logical End of Politically Correct Speech,” and “The Move Towards Freedomless Speech.”

The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) was recently caught with its curtain drawn open for its role in that effort. Its director of communications, Yosi Sergant, was the facilitator of a teleconference of artists and other “cool people” who had not only benefited from NEA grants, but worked directly or indirectly to elect Obama. The ostensive purpose of the call was to enlist the active support of the invited participants to “sell” the Obama agenda, including the health-care bill, to the public. It took a while for the implications of that “call to arms” to sink into the consciousness of Patrick C. Courrielche, columnist for Big Hollywood, who subsequently, and with some apparent regret, reported the call in detail on the Big Hollywood blog site.

For having violated its nominally apolitical mandate (if it is a creature of politics, how could it be “apolitical”?), the NEA went mum after the whistle-blowing, and the director of communications has been either fired or “reassigned.” His whereabouts are otherwise unknown. Ben Smith, writing for Politico, notes that Sergant was an “outsider from Washington’s careful culture” — that is, he was a novice in Washington’s culture of stealth and subterfuge and did not absorb the culture quickly enough.

One cannot blame him for the gaucherie. Observe the hubris of Obama and the Democrats in how they propose their blatantly socialist legislation, thinly disguised in populist euphemisms. Why shouldn’t Sergant have just emulated the tactics of the White House? But, he obviously had the cooperation or sanction of the White House to conduct the enlistment drive, perhaps with the sage guidance of White House staffer Marion Phillips, who, in an official blog post called “Facts are Stubborn Things” requested that “fishy” criticisms of the administration’s plans for health care reform be reported to

Well, Courrielche had the decency to flag the White House and the NEA, instead. Nationally syndicated conservative columnist George Will also reported on the Big Hollywood exposé in “Artists in Harness” and in addition offers a brief critique of the NEA’s anti-esthetic standards (without offering any standards of his own). These NEA beneficiaries, Will notes,

“…are just another servile interest group seeking morsels from the federal banquet. Are they real artists? Sure, because in this egalitarian era, government reasons circularly: Art is whatever an artist says it is, and an artist is whoever produces art….For government today, ‘art’ is a classification so capacious it does not classify.”

Bigger game to bring down than Yosi Sergant is Cass Sunstein, Obama’s most recently appointed “czar,” formally the administrator of the White House Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, which is under the Office of Management and Budget, one of the few “czars” to be confirmed by the Senate. Sunstein, a tenured professor at the University of Chicago Law School, and who is married to Obama foreign policy adviser Samantha Power, began teaching at Harvard Law School in the fall of 2008. That didn’t last long, because he is now on leave from Harvard to pursue the application of his collectivist theories and hypotheses.

Former dean of Harvard Law School and now U.S. Solicitor General Elena Kagan said of Sunstein on the announcement of his going to Harvard:

“Cass Sunstein is the preeminent legal scholar of our time — the most wide-ranging, the most prolific, the most cited, and the most influential. His work in any one of the fields he pursues — administrative law and policy, constitutional law and theory, behavioral economics and law, environmental law, to name a non-exhaustive few — would put him in the very front ranks of legal scholars; the combination is singular and breathtaking.”

But, hoist Sunstein out of the swirling maelstrom of his interests, and you find a totalitarian, a “czar” in wolf’s clothing. It is no coincidence that Obama, who was a mere “senior lecturer” at the University of Chicago Law School, would find him an appropriate choice to become a regulatory czar, one who can “regulate” just about everything he puts his mind to.

On environmentalism, he is open to persuasion. He argued against the so-called Precautionary Principle about the cost vs. benefit equation in enforcing environmental law, a position that raised the hackles of advocates of environmental crime and which he would be willing to reverse. He argues that animals should be represented in court. Apparently, he hasn’t made up his mind about whether animals should be conveyed the attribute of “personhood” that would allow them to file lawsuits for abuse and cruelty.

Substitute the planet, the environment, and glaciers for animals, and Sunstein‘s reservations would fall like the Maginot Line. One can wonder why such a subject would fascinate Sunstein, but not for long. Individuals fare no better in his legalistic universe, in which ideas just hover in space and orbit no central philosophy.

On the First Amendment and freedom of speech, Sunstein has definite ideas. One of his “New Deals” would be a rewrite of the Constitution to allow for mandatory or compulsory “diversity” of views in virtually every medium of “public” communication, but most especially in television and on radio. In his book, Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech (1995), he argues that that such a rewrite would “reinvigorate the processes of democratic deliberation, by ensuring greater attention to public issues and greater diversity of views.”

In order to attain that goal, which would be the resurrection of the Fairness Doctrine in all but name, he would support the creation of a federal panel of “nonpartisan experts” who would judge whether or not a television or radio station met their diversity criteria. If they did not, one imagines that they would refer the case and the offense to the Federal Communications Commission, which has the power to grant, deny or withdraw licenses to broadcast.

Sunstein proposes also that commercial broadcasters be required to subsidize “public” television or other commercial stations to ensure “less profitable but high-quality programming.” All this regulating and requiring, he asserts, would not violate the “spirit” of the Constitution. One can presume that he doesn’t regard the Sixteenth and Eighteenth Amendments as being in violation of that “spirit.”

Again, one may wonder why he believes “diversity” is necessary. Clearly, the mainstream media are on the side of Obama and his plans to fit the nation for the yoke of servitude. Not even the anchors and shills of ABC, CBS and NBC could boast that ‘diversity” thrives in the MSM. It is only on “renegade” broadcasters such as Fox, and in conservative radio talk shows that “diversity“ is not present, especially when they oppose the Obama and other collectivist agendas. One of Sunstein’s interests, as noted above, is behavioral economics and law, which treats individuals as non-sentient atoms that coagulate into insulated groups, and, as atoms, autonomously make “decisions” that affect the marketplace and politics, and so, society.

This position meshes perfectly with his argument in his 2001 book,, that the Internet is dangerous to “democracy” because on the Internet individuals may further choose to ally themselves with groups that reflect their values, and so repel the leveling influence of “diversity.“ This, argues Sunstein, permits individuals to reject information or positions that might challenge their beliefs. Ironclad convictions cannot be allowed. “Rational actors” should be gagged or banished to the fringe of “democracy.” Open-mindedness should be made mandatory, even if it means regulating — or censoring — the Internet.

The object of that argument, of course, is not hard-core Democrats or wish-driven liberals, who, when faced with a rational argument against government-run health care, or smoking bans, or government-mandated nutrition guides, or public education, typically shut out reason in what Ayn Rand deemed “blanking out” the truth. In short, it is Sunstein’s political friends and allies who insulate themselves from reason and rationality. If they choose not to think about individual rights, then they cannot exist.

In his 2004 book, The Second Bill of Rights: FDR’s Unfinished Revolution and Why We Need It More than Ever, Sunstein advocates a “Second Bill of Rights,” something proposed by Franklin D. Roosevelt in his State of the Union address in January, 1944. Like FDR’s “four freedoms” (introduced in his address to Congress in 1941), these rights include rights to an education, to a home, to health care, and to protection against monopolies, all picked out of the space of floating abstractions.

How to pay for these rights? Taxation. Sunstein is tax happy. In an April 1999 Chicago Tribune Op-Ed he castigated tax “grumblers” on the advantages and virtues of taxation.

“Without taxes there would be no property. Without taxes, few of us would have any assets worth defending….It may be reasonable, in some cases, to cut tax rates. What is unreasonable and, in fact, preposterous is the all-too-familiar conservative rhetoric that flatly opposes individual liberty to the government power to tax and spend. You cannot be for rights and against government because rights are meaningless unless enforced by government…Rights to private property, freedom of speech, immunity from police abuse, contractual liberty, free exercise of religion–just as much as rights to Social Security, Medicare and food stamps–are taxpayer-funded and government-managed social services designed to improve collective and individual well-being…There is no liberty without dependency. That is why we should celebrate tax day. As Oliver Wendell Holmes, the great Supreme Court justice, liked to say, taxes are ‘the price we pay for civilization.’”

Without taxes there would be no property? Which came first? The chicken or the egg? Has Sunstein ever imagined that the purpose of government is to protect rights — individual rights, not community- or society- or government-bequeathed rights — not to “enforce” them? Perhaps. If he had, he rejected the idea. Note that his idea of rights includes what could only be called government-created entitlements, such as Social Security, Medicare, and food stamps. If it can be argued that rights originate anywhere but in the nature of man as a being of volitional consciousness responsible for his own life and happiness, then, of course, these “rights” can be “enforced” by government. Therefore, the government owns the chicken and the egg, and the individual is merely a “steward” of property that somehow originates in government coercion acting for “society.” Sunstein makes no distinction between them.

Sunstein’s position was better articulated in an April 2005 blog entry in connection with a Yale University conference, “The Constitution in 2020,” whose subject was the United States in the 21st century and how it should define itself. What should not be conceded at the conference, he suggested, was any notion that the Constitution should be regarded as an absolute defender of individual rights and liberty. An “absolutist” position on them is a natural enemy of “democratic deliberation.” He warned that in debate:

I will be urging that it is important to resist, on democratic grounds, the idea that the document should be interpreted to reflect the view of the extreme right-wing of the Republican Party. This idea, sometimes masquerading under the name of originalism or strict construction, represents a form of judicial hubris; it is bad history and bad law. It should be exposed and rejected as such.

Sunstein’s chief danger is his confessed ambition to be a de facto censor, or, as Ayn Rand characterized such a person in Atlas Shrugged, an intellectual cop. He would be perfect for the role. It is little wonder that Obama nominated him for the office, given the president’s own attempts to stifle freedom of speech and his wish for critics to not “do a lot of talking.”

Cass Sunstein, for all his academic credentials and books, is just another member of the Chicago-Beltway wolf pack. Hear them yelp and howl for “democracy.”


The Perilous Ambiguities in the Constitution


“High Noon” for the First Amendment


  1. pomponazzi

    I am sick and tired of listening to people paying tributes to this chimera.They should realize, by now,that the emperor has no clothes.

  2. Teresa

    I would love to make some wise comment about your recent posts, Ed but they make me so sad and weepy! I wouldn't want you to stop alerting us to all this tragedy. No blinders wanted.

  3. Anonymous

    Pomponazzi, who is sick and tired of hearing about "democracy." I hope you're not implying that I'm a democracy fan, just because I put the term in quotation marks. I've been arguing against democracy for decades, and for the republic as envisioned and intended by the Founders. Now, it's no longer a matter of our being able to "keep it" (re Franklin's remark), but a matter of retreiving it from the wolf pack.


  4. malcontent

    Thanks for this article. I had heard about the animals suing crap before, but the "without taxes there would be no private property" truly exposes this man's corrupt philosophy. It's a wonder he and those of his ilk aren't simply slobbering on themselves in a mental institution with that kind of thinking.

  5. Michael Smith

    Great article, Ed.

    Sunstein's argument amounts to the claim that our political alternatives are limited to unrestricted statism on the one hand or anarchy on the other. It is an effort to pretend that capitalism — a system in which the function of government is strictly limited to the defense of individual rights from force and fraud — is simply not a possibility. It is also an attempt to pretend that the first 100 years of this nation's existence — during which we had something close to capitalism — never occurred.

    Somewhere in Miss Rand's corpus she notes that a characteristic of a concrete-bound, anti-conceptual mentality is the inability to be aware of the past or to project the future. It is this frozen-in-the-present nature of such mentalities that permits a Sunstein to evade the first 100 years of our history and the global-scale, disastrous failures of statism during the 20th century — and to evade, as well, the inevitable outcome of continuing on our present course.

    To make centuries of history disappear — while making the day after tomorrow unimaginable — is quite a feat. But that’s what our modern comprachicos have achieved.

  6. Slade Calhoun

    What? Are these characters auditioning for villain roles in the maybe-to-be-made movie of Atlas Shrugged?

  7. Anonymous

    Michael Smith notes: " It is this frozen-in-the-present nature of such mentalities that permits a Sunstein to evade the first 100 years of our history and the global-scale, disastrous failures of statism during the 20th century — and to evade, as well, the inevitable outcome of continuing on our present course."

    I believe this is what Michael is referring to: “It is this frozen-in-the-present nature of such mentalities that permits a Sunstein to evade the first 100 years of our history and the global-scale, disastrous failures of statism during the 20th century — and to evade, as well, the inevitable outcome of continuing on our present course.” — “‘Extremism,’ or The Art of Smearing,” from Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal, 178.

    The ostensive irony is that Sunstein's profession — law — requires him to study the first 100 years of America's past, and the recent past – the 20th century's disastrous failures of statism. I say ostensive, because I think it is a mistake to think that he and his ilk inside and outside of the White House evade the knowledge of what Michael calls the "inevitable outcome" of their policies, and just barrel ahead with those policies, hoping they'll work, "somehow." They know they won't work, because their core goal, primary, and unexpressed goal — unadmitted even in their most private and darkest moments — is the destruction of this country through economic collapse, anarchy, civil strife, perhaps even another attack by our enemies (e.g., Iran, Putin's Russia, the Chinese calling in the Treasury bonds, of which they own billions). They, like James Taggart of John Galt in "Atlas," want to hear this country "scream."

    Peel all the layers of collectivism, corruption, obfuscation, lies, rationalizations, smears, and so forth from Obama, Pelosi, Waxman, Reid, Sunstein and the rest, and you'll find the drooling beast of James Taggart. That's the long and
    the short of it.


  8. Anonymous

    Correction to my answer to Michael, this is what Rand wrote: "The goal of the “liberals”—as it emerges from the record of the past decades—was to smuggle this country into welfare statism by means of single, concrete, specific measures, enlarging the power of the government a step at a time, never permitting these steps to be summed up into principles, never permitting their direction to be identified or the basic issue to be named. Thus statism was to come, not by vote or by violence, but by slow rot—by a long process of evasion and epistemological corruption, leading to a fait accompli. (The goal of the “conservatives” was only to retard that process.) “‘Extremism,’ or The Art of Smearing,”
    Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal, 178.

    Sorry about that. Error in citation!


  9. Andrew E.

    As to the "chicken or the egg"… I believe Bastiat put it plainly: "Life, liberty, and property do not exist because men have made laws.
    On the contrary, it was the fact thatlife, liberty, and property existed beforehand that caused men to make laws in the first place."

    Sunstein's reasoning is "singular" and "breathtaking" indeed.

  10. Anonymous

    Andrew: Excellent point you make. And, I was hoping someone would take up the "chicken or the egg" subject.


  11. pomponazzi

    Sorry Ed if i gave you that impression.You are the most prolific writer on the evil of democracy i have ever known.I love and revere you.

  12. Daniel J Casper

    Sunstein's evasions are as old as the sun and shared by many before him. Articles like this help people identify his evil, and therefore, it provides both knowledge and power.

    The real question this article raises in my mind is: what does intellectual principles govern Obama? Is he truly a socialist at the core, a pragmatist, or is he some weird breed of destructive ideas not yet named? That is a question I would like answered.

  13. Anonymous

    Daniel: I will be answering that in my next post.


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