Croton plants develop their best colors when grown in bright light. As houseplants, they must be situated in a sunny window. They will tolerate medium light indoors, but won’t grow much and foliage may revert to plain green.
Crotons (Codaeum variegatum), also called garden crotons or variegated crotons, are perennial evergreen shrubs that do best outdoors in planting zones 9-11, but are also popular additions to indoor landscaping in greenhouses or as house plants.
Crotons are tropical plants and sensitive to cold temperatures. Temperatures lower then 50ºF cause the crotons leaves to drop with a dying appearance. Crotons can show signs of stress such as the leaves drooping, turn yellow and lose their leaves in response to conditions that are contrary to their native environment.
Croton has the best color in bright, indirect light. Croton does best in fertile, well-drained, moist soil. They need bright, indirect light when grown indoors. Outdoors they thrive in partial shade, and in cool climates can tolerate full sun if kept moist (and are acclimated first when moved from inside).
I found out that it can be done by air layering or sometimes from green and semi-green stem and tip cuttings. However, reproduction with stem cuttings is considered to be the best and most convenient way to reproduce this genus.
Crotons are generally bushy plants with large, leathery, shiny leaves. They do bloom, but their tiny, star-shaped yellow flowers are insignificant, hanging down in long clusters between the large leaves. Crotons are native to southern Asia and certain Pacific islands, where they grow as semi-tropical plants.
Keeping your crotons in good general health year-round helps them tolerate freezing temperatures more effectively. Crotons are generally hardy to temperatures around 25 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit.
When the occasional frost or freeze strikes your croton, either potted or in the ground, it is likely to recover with pruning once temperatures are reliably warm.
When to Repot Crotons
Repot croton only as needed and only during spring or early summer when the plant is actively growing. The plant needs repotting if the roots are growing through the drainage hole or if you see roots at the top of the soil.
Croton is a common houseplant loved for its bright, colorful foliage. They have thick, leathery and shiny leaves. … The leaves look simply stunning. The plant adds an exotic touch to your bedroom, living room or garden.
Croton is a common name often used for Codiaeum variegatum, an ornamental plant. Ingestion may cause mild oral and gastrointestinal irritation resulting in mild drooling, vomiting, and/or diarrhea. Skin irritation may also occur after exposure to the sap but tends to be mild.
The croton plant is often grown outdoors in tropical climates, but also makes excellent houseplants. Crotons come in a wide variety of leaf shapes and colors. … Some varieties of croton need high light, while others need medium or low light.
Rooting involves cutting a stem with at least three sets of leaves. Choose a stem 3 to 4 inches long. A wound is created by removing the bottom set of leaves, and new roots form at the wound site. Propagate croton from a leaf by placing the stem in a container filled with lightweight potting mixture.
Crotons have a slow to moderate growth, at up to 12 inches in a growing season. Consistently warm temperatures, regular watering and bright, filtered light encourage faster growth.
Hard prune the croton, cutting the stems back severely if the plant becomes leggy with little leaf growth at the base of the stems. Remove only one-third of the total stem height at a time and allow the plant to sprout new growth before continuing to reduce the height.
This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and should not require much pruning, except when necessary, such as to remove dieback. These plants will grow to be about 6 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 5 feet.
Croton shrubs are low maintenance, and can be pruned to keep them at a manageable size, even as small as three feet high. Plant the same type together for a more uniform color and look, or vary the type of croton for variety. They work well as container plants or grown in the ground.
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